A urine test, or urinalysis, can be used to detect several types of medical conditions, including urinary tract infections (UTI), kidney disease, diabetes and more. After receiving a urine sample, your doctor will examine the way that it looks as well as any abnormal substances it contains. For example, increased levels of protein or glucose (or potentially another substance) could indicate a health problem that warrants further testing.

In addition to checking for medical conditions, a urine sample can also be used to perform a drug screen or a pregnancy test.